Women Rising To Leadership
March 17, 2022
Most Americans say they would like to see more women in top leadership positions.
But it’s not an easy climb. Men still have an easier path to the top, and women must do more by working harder to prove their worth. At least, these are the findings of a Pew Research Center survey focused on women in leadership.1 The nationally representative survey of 4,587 adults was conducted online June 19-July 2, 2018, with support from Pivotal Ventures, using Pew Research Center’s American Trends Panel.
Sara Weston, founder, 911der Women Inc., echoes the findings. Women do work harder to achieve similar goals and overcome obstacles, including societal norms that keep women in lesser positions. “As women, we are up against many years of gender bias in our society,” Weston said. “Many women grew up seeing mostly men in leadership and women feeling like they need to act like men to achieve leadership positions. Even if we weren't explicitly taught that men are the leaders, that's what we have traditionally seen and continued the trend.”
The survey found that:
- Americans largely see men and women as equally capable when it comes to some key qualities and behaviors that are essential for leadership, even as a majority (57%) say men and women in top positions tend to have different leadership styles.
- Among those who say men and women approach leadership differently, 62% say neither is better, while 22% say women generally have the better approach and 15% say men do.
Still, there are areas where the public sees female leaders as having an advantage, although men still have the edge when it comes to going against the odds, according to the same survey2:
- A majority says women are better than men when it comes to being compassionate and empathetic, and a substantial share says women are better at working out compromises and standing up for what they believe in.
- Male leaders are seen as better than their female counterparts when it comes to willingness to take risks.
Although the public is skeptical that the country will ever achieve gender parity despite equitable talents and skills women and men bring to the workplace, the survey finds that overall, the public sees benefit to female leadership3:
- Two-thirds of women say having more female leaders would improve the quality of life for men at least somewhat, compared with 47% of men.
- Majorities in both groups say gender parity would improve the quality of life for all Americans, but women are far more likely than men to say this is the case (78% vs. 59%).
While the survey concentrated on the business and political sectors, the findings also apply to women in a broader setting, including emergency communications.
Despite a profession dominated by women, leadership roles in the communication center are more prominent among men. A study specific to the advancement of women in emergency services finds that attaining leadership positions requires extensive networking, demonstrated stellar work ethic, volunteering for every opportunity, and the drive to go above and beyond what is required.4 These latter findings still hold, according to women interviewed for this article.
Moving beyond traditional roles and limited expectations in emergency communications takes talking about it and reviewing the way you think, Weston said. “Many times pointing out that the bias exists is one huge step toward changing people's minds and hearts. Talking about a woman's place in leadership can inspire and educate, but it's just one small step.”
Building confidence and charting equitable courses for women to expand and explore will compel the next generation to take even larger steps, Weston said.
“The path forward for us is learning from the women who are out there blazing the trail and reaching back to help others along,” Weston said. “As women in leadership roles, we need to use our voices to continue this conversation and mentor those around us. We can learn from each other by having conversations.”
The women leaders in emergency communication feature is not a battle of the sexes or a contest between genders to declare whether women or men are the best leaders. The women profiled achieved their positions through experience, networking, and discovering a passion for their profession. And as far as gender parity, these are women ascending the ladder, determined to assist other women in achieving their goals.
- Emergency dispatchers are paid an average annual salary of $43,290 per year or
$20.82 per hour.5
- Number of communication center jobs in 2020: 95,4006
- An estimated 240 million calls are made to 911 in the U.S. each year.7
- The United States has 5,748 primary and secondary PSAPs and 3,135 counties, which include parishes, independent cities, boroughs, and census areas.8
- There are over 65,818 emergency dispatchers currently employed in the United States.9
- Regardless of gender, emergency dispatchers stay at the job for:
- 1-2 years, 31%
- 3-4 years, 14%
- 5-7 years, 16%
- 8-10 years, 5%
- 11+ years, 8%
- 63.8% of all emergency dispatchers are women and 32.2% are men.10
1 Horowitz J, Igielnik R, Parker K. “Women and Leadership.” Pew Research Center. 2018; Sept. 20. https://www.pewresearch.org/social-trends/2018/09/20/women-and-leadership-2018/ (accessed Dec. 29, 2021).
2 See note 1.
3 See note 1.
4 Cronen A. “Identifications of Challenges and Success Factors of Females Entering and Advancing in the Profession of Emergency Management.” Eastern Kentucky University. 2016; January. https://encompass.eku.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1352&context=etd (accessed Dec. 29, 2021).
5 “Occupational Handbook: Public Safety Telecommunicators.” U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2021; Dec. 2. https://www.bls.gov/ooh/office-and-administrative-support/police-fire-and-ambulance-dispatchers.htm (accessed Jan. 7, 2022).
6 See note 5.
7 ”911 Statistics.” National Emergency Number Association. 2021; February. https://www.nena.org/page/911Statistics (accessed Jan. 7, 2022).
8 See note 7.
9 “Emergency Dispatcher Statistics and Facts in the US.” Zippia. 2021; Sept. 9. https://www.zippia.com/emergency-dispatcher-jobs/demographics/ (accessed Dec. 29, 2021). Note: Zippia categorizes Emergency Dispatch as part of the “Office and Administrative Industry”; Zippia estimates demographics and statistics using a database of 30 million profiles.
10 See note 9.
Women In Leadership Profiles
Claude Marie Hébert
Clinical Operational Director, CCS Groupe Alerte-santé, Longueuil, Quebec (Canada)
Claude Marie Hébert had found her career match but to advance, she had to decide whether to stay on the floor or accept a management role. She chose the latter. The transition was difficult because she liked working in the control room. She accepted a compromise. “I no longer had the direct contact [with the public], but I could extend the reach [of emergency communications] through connecting directly to the people I managed.”
Dispatch Supervisor, Cripple Creek Police Department, Colorado (USA)
Nearly 40 years ago Diann Pritchard became the second woman to join a volunteer fire department. That first year was a real test. The first woman to join was the deputy chief’s wife, so they didn’t give her as many challenges as they did Pritchard. The two women had infiltrated the “boys club” and weren’t welcomed. Pritchard endured. She became a lieutenant and held that position for 16 years. Pritchard is still proud of her single-bugle lapel pins and lieutenant badge. She finished her 23-year firefighter/EMT career with Cripple Creek’s volunteer division. Over the years, several women joined her first department and were a welcome and valued addition.
Manager, Grand Junction Regional Communications Center (GJRCC), Colorado (USA)
As PSAP manager, Jennifer Kirkland concentrates on “doing the best I can for the people entrusted to my leadership. I’m not there to tell them where they should go but to guide them in reaching goals they’ve set for themselves.” She no longer answers calls or dispatches response but is dedicated to helping others find their direction. “I am a force for good in the profession. I lead my team into the future and try to be ready for what comes down the pike.”
State of Michigan 911 Coordinator, Michigan (USA)
Joni Harvey attended conferences and workshops. She modeled the behavior of women she admired. The way they interacted with their audience. Delivering the message effectively. Voice tones and inflections and eye contact. At the end of the day, she wanted to be perceived as someone her team trusted to do the right thing. “That’s how future leaders are made. We succeed because of an incredible support network. It’s not about having all the answers or thinking that you do. It’s about finding the right answer and not the rush for a quick reply.”
Public Safety Technician Supervisor, Valdez Police Department, Alaska (USA)
The door held wide open for her return to the Valdez Police Department 911 center coincided with the police chief’s decision to place the duty of jail custodian in the same job description as dispatch. The communication center is in the wing upstairs from the jail, and their proximity made it appear a logical move. It was up to Lorrie Mott to coalesce the two as part of her promotion to a supervisory position. The task was easier said than done. “The chief made the decision, and it was my responsibility to make it work.” She was able to do it the way she believed most effective and, in the process, developed greater confidence and inspired respect from achieving the goal.
Dispatch Manager, Alameda County Regional Emergency Communications Center (ACRECC), Livermore, California (USA)
The drive was always there, but Rosa Ramos needed to carve her own path to reach her goal of influencing positive change. She turned her focus to modeling women in emergency communication leadership positions and sought role models to help her discover qualities she could apply to her own career. “They were dynamic. They acclimated to the change. They cultivated leaders and encouraged me to move forward.” The role model was her mother, who immigrated to this country seeking a better life for her children. “She was successful in her own way. Why chase a celebrity role model when you were raised by one?”
Roxanne Van Gundy
Director, Lyon County Emergency Communications Center, Emporia, Kansas (USA)
Roxanne Van Gundy said leadership is listening and providing the support her team needs, be it technology, compliance, resources to handle stress and rebound, and an open ear. She was instrumental in changing the Kansas Intrastate Emergency Mutual Aid Act to include 911 call center public safety telecommunicators. They are officially first responders in Kansas. The campaign took tenacity, Van Gundy said, as does achieving leadership in emergency communications. “When you’re a woman, you have to work harder to prove you will get things done. You must prove you are built tough enough to stick it out. You are not going to make everyone happy all the time. Tell me a leader who does.”
911der Women Founder, 911 Authority Senior Project Consultant
Sara Weston founded 911der (pronounced 9-1-Wonder) Women Inc., a nonprofit corporation. She and her board members give presentations, offer training workshops, hold fundraisers to support their work (including proceeds from the 911der Women T-shirts), and nurture the connections Weston envisioned. They are mentors. “Being part of the community provides strength. We listen and learn from one another. We are better together. We can aspire to that next level making a career out of a job.”
Staying in the communication center is not the choice every woman makes in her quest for leadership and greater responsibility, as highlighted in a webinar hosted by the National Emergency Number Association (NENA). The women featured chose to go into private industry from public service safety, although in positions complementing public emergency communications.
Going private from public
Mary Boyd, vice president of Regulatory Policy and External Affairs at Intrado, networked to expand her horizon. Beth English, training and QA/QI management with Commercial Electronics Corp., soaked up education and training. Lisa Dodson, 9-1-1 Next Generation Core Services (NGCS) Project Management Consultant, Motorola Solutions, cultivated relationships and mastered system change in the evolving Next Generation 911 platform. They each joined the National Emergency Number Association (NENA) and volunteered on committees and boards. No matter the avenue they chose, individually or collectively, each focused on the skills they believed necessary to move along the squares and maneuver from the public sector PSAP to private industry.
Teamwork and community
- Create team players—not opponents
- Genuinely be part of the team and remain part of the team, even as responsibilities or titles grow
- Draw on the strength of your team and trust their choices
- Realize you cannot do everything alone—find a like community and engage
- Credit those who have helped along the way
- Look at the big picture to discover the path
- Believe in what you can do and find the path to enhance your skills
- Believe in what others can do and help them develop their skills
- Make personal connections wherever you go
- Stay open to opportunity
- Take advantage of every training opportunity by learning as much as you can
- Let others know they can count on your word
- Don’t tell people what they want to hear if it isn’t genuine
- Learn about yourself—take a good look in the mirror—by experimenting with various methods of doing something until finding the method that works for you (trial and error)
- Trust in your voice; if you don’t speak up, no one will do it for you
- Embrace your diversity
- Stay passionate about what you do and acknowledge the invaluable support you give to others in the profession
- Accept the responsibility of helping the women coming behind you
- Accept that you will make mistakes—it’s part of growing—and don’t expect to walk into a room and be the best at what you’re walking into right off the bat